The next time you have a burning question for an English speaker, you’ll know how to ask it! If the sentence has an auxiliary or modal verb, that’s the one you’ll need to move. The basic formula is below. ¿Adónde va Raúl? Where are the children? Nina plays the violin. These exercises will have you create the types of questions we’ll cover below in several different tenses. They usually begin with a verb, including auxiliary verbs (a “helping” verb that comes before the main verb) or modal verbs (such as can or would). You may even have an idea of how questions are formed. The videos are organized by genre and level, so it’s super easy to find the ones that work for you. A List Of Grammar Questions? The trick is to form a basic sentence, then invert the word order to create a question. Questions with am - is - are - can - must - have got. wikiHow's. T he main verb follows the subject, and the rest of the sentence follows it.. Second, questions almost always need a helping verb along with the main verb. All tip submissions are carefully reviewed before being published, This article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness. You can use them to ask for a simple yes or no answer. Practice involves rewriting sentences. The structure of a “wh- question” is usually like this: [“Wh-” Question Word/Phrase] + [Auxiliary Verb] + [Subject] + [Main Verb] + [Object or Other Information] + ? Are they happy? The object is “basketball,” a thing, so our wh- word is what. WH-questions are questions starting with WH-words including: what, when, where, who, whom, which, whose, why and how.Question words are used to ask about specific qualities, times, places, people and so on. There are many different types of videos, as you can see here: FluentU makes it easy to watch and understand native English videos with interactive captions. Polite requests, offers, complaints etc. → Does Nina play the violin? Answering essay questions on an exam can be difficult and stressful, which can make it hard to provide a good answer. % of people told us that this article helped them. In the example below, you expected him to call back soon and you’re surprised he hasn’t. How many stickers have you got? Who - asking for a person and animal: subject: no do, does, did. Almost all questions use the same structure. Unlike other verbs in English which usually adopt the verb “to do” as an auxiliary, “must” does not. FluentU is a fun tool to hear how real English speakers form and use questions. However, you can improve your ability to answer essay questions by learning how to understand the questions, form an answer, and stay focused. This would be a good situation to use an indirect question. So you ask: Hasn’t he called back yet? It’s used to check or confirm that you’ve understood something correctly. If you liked this post, something tells me that you'll love FluentU, the best way to learn English with real-world videos. A negative question is a question that contains the word not or a negative verb contraction like didn’t (did not), weren’t (were not), etc. Nina played the violin. Must youbehave that way? If you’re not asking about the subject, there’ll be some word order inversion. They ask the same as direct questions but are considered more formal. That's the way how to form Questions. © 2020 Enux Education Limited. In today’s blog post we are going to have a look at the differences in forming questions with “must” and “to have to” How do we make questions with “must”? ), it goes before the verb. The first thing to remember is that there are two main kinds, 'yes / no' and 'wh': The 'yes / no' kind need the answer 'yes' or 'no'. When there’s no auxiliary verb, use the “do” verb form in the question tag. You could also ask, “How do you cook this?” to get instructions for completing a recipe. In fact, to create the interrogative form of “must”, all we have to do isinvert the subject and “must” and our interrogative is formed. However, sometimes a direct question may sound too blunt or unfriendly, especially if you’re asking someone for help or when you don’t know the person well. They greet their teacher.Who do they greet? The question word (what, ...) always comes first! For example, you could ask, “How do you get to the university?” to get directions. Yes/No questions are the most basic type of question. Here’s a list of common question words in this category and what each is used for: How? For example, you could ask, “Who is the manager?” if you need to know who is in charge of a business. Active Or Passive Form For 'Start'? → Adam walks to class on Tuesdays, doesn’t he? Language Focus: An explanation of how to form Yes/No questions in English Grammar Worksheet : yes-no-questions-worksheet-esl.docx (scroll down to study the exercises online) Many students are good at answering questions, but poor at making their own questions … Questions can be a little difficult in English. [Negative verb contraction] + [subject] + [main verb] + [other information]? Notice that we used the contractions “isn’t” instead of “is not” and “aren’t” instead of “are not.” Contractions are usually used in negative tags. Nina and Thomas play the violin. It’s been two hours. In each question, students are presented with a group of words. Questions with verbs in the simple present use the auxiliary verb “DO”. Depending on the type of question you want to ask, you may need to move words around in the sentence. It is raining now. We also participate in other affiliate advertising programs for products and services we believe in. Simple Grammar Questions? Fortunately, we can use those same sentence-building skills to form questions in English, too. Yes/No questions To form a direct questions with a yes or no answer, we use auxiliary verbs, which are also called helping verbs. Create a new survey and edit it with others at the same time. Or, if you are talking about more than 1 person who is not present, you could ask, “Bill and John are meeting us for drinks later, aren’t they?” or “Steve and Jennifer want to order a pizza tonight, don’t they?”, If you are talking about a single person, you could say, “She is going with us to the zoo tomorrow, isn’t she?”. Now let’s move on to the structures for forming five common types of questions. We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. (to ask about the number or amount). Click here to get a copy. wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. FluentU is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. For an in-depth guide to five W questions with examples, see this lecture from Georgia State University. In more formal settings, you might use “not” instead of a contraction. [Auxiliary verb] + [subject] + not + [main verb] + [other information]? In English, “must” is used when we are talking about obligations. The sentence can be anything you like, as long as it is not too complicated. “is”), you need the negative version (e.g. A brief PPT showing how to ask questions in English Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/6\/65\/Form-a-Question-in-English-Step-1.jpg\/v4-460px-Form-a-Question-in-English-Step-1.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/6\/65\/Form-a-Question-in-English-Step-1.jpg\/aid10334945-v4-728px-Form-a-Question-in-English-Step-1.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"546","licensing":"

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\n<\/p><\/div>"}. Do Does questions are common in English. This type of question is also made up of two parts, where the first part … For example, if you tap on the word “brought,” then you see this: You can learn any video’s vocabulary with FluentU’s fun quizzes. For example, if you just walk up to a stranger and ask, “How do you get to the airport?” they might be taken aback by the directness of the question. There are 18 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. We can also use where to ask about the location. The “five Ws” are the question words who, what, when, where and why. For example, you could ask, “What is your favorite flavor of ice cream?” or “Which flavor is your favorite?”, Or, you could ask “What do you want to do today?” or “Which museum would you like to visit today?”, For example, you could ask, “Where do you want to meet for lunch?”. 1. Start using FluentU on the website or download the FluentU app from the iTunes store or Google Play store. This is called inversion. This is true for sentences with be, sentences that have auxiliary verbs (e.g. Asking questions in English – direct questions There are four main categories of direct questions, depending on the kind of answer you expect: Yes/No questions, WH questions, alternative questions and tag questions. A negative question can also be used to ask for confirmation of a negative belief. You could also ask someone, “Where are you from?” as part of a conversation. (Notice the new form of “to play” to accommodate the new structure.). So if the verb in the sentence is positive (e.g. (Download). Few, Tag Questions? Here’s how you can change this into an indirect question: Could you please tell me where the bookstore is? Notice also how the subject pronoun is used instead of the subject itself in the tag. Questions are everywhere in English pop culture. Be sure to use the correct tense and form, for example, “did” if the sentence is in the past tense. Let’s look at a few more inversions to form yes/no questions: The boat is sinking. Alice Bryant wrote this story for Learning English. Plural Form=≫Different Meanings? Every day at wikiHow, we work hard to give you access to instructions and information that will help you live a better life, whether it's keeping you safer, healthier, or improving your well-being. How often? Choose from a variety of pre-made themes or create your own. For example, you could ask, “Could you please tell me how to get to the airport?” or “Do you know how to get to the airport?”, You could also ask, “Could you please tell me the time?” or “Do you know the time?”, For example, if you want to ask, “Where is the bus stop?” you could say, “Do you know where the bus stop is?”, To find out the time, you could ask, “Could you please tell me what time it is?”, For example, if you want to confirm when you need to head to the airport, you might say to your travel companion, “We need to leave for the airport at 7:00am tomorrow morning, don’t we?”, Or, you might confirm that a friend is picking you up at a certain time by saying, “You will be here to get me at 6:30pm tonight, won’t you?”, For example, if you want to confirm when dinner will be served, you might say, “Dinner is served at 6:30pm.”, To find out where you are meeting up with someone, you could say, “We are meeting at the fountain.”. In some cases, you may also need to add additional words and phrases. In this case the speaker is surprised that something has not happened or is not happening. If your answer is “no,” we’re here to help. About the Book Author Edward Swick (Chicago, IL) has been a foreign language teacher for more than 30 years. [Sentence] + , + [opposite form of the same verb used in sentence] + [subject pronoun]? Now we need to restructure the sentence like this: Notice how the subject also has to get moved in between the auxiliary verb and main verb for this type of sentence. Yes/No questions are the most basic type of question. Have you got a dog? → Did Nina play the violin? Question Forms and Reported Speech Word order Normal word order is used in reported questions, that is, the subject comes before the verb, and it is not necessary to use 'do' or 'did': You can find the tests at the bottom of the page. In the examples above, “father” becomes “he” and “the students” become “they.”. Use an indirect question instead. FluentU also keeps track of your learning, then suggests videos and examples perfect for you. → The students are visiting the museum, aren’t they? Learning how to ask questions in English will take some time and practice. Similar to question tags, you can use a negative question to confirm something you believe to be true. Keep trying if it doesn’t work out the first time. You can also form a question just by changing the tone of your voice to give a regular sentence the sound of question. Instead of beginning with the subject, questions begin with a helping verb. Tom helped in the garden.Who helped in the garden? Where is the library? Please consider making a contribution to wikiHow today. wikiHow's Content Management Team carefully monitors the work from our editorial staff to ensure that each article is backed by trusted research and meets our high quality standards. Auxiliary verbs are … Questions: statement questions ( you’re over 18? ) (“Who framed Roger Rabbit?”). We usually form wh- questions with wh- + an auxiliary verb (be, do or have) + subject + main verb or with wh- + a modal verb + subject + main verb: Without an auxiliary verb Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. ", In this case, you could just swap the first two words around to make the question "Are we on a family occasion?". Amazon and the Amazon logo are trademarks of Amazon.com, Inc, or its affiliates. Give the full standard question form for these shortened yes/no questions… If you understand how to form yes/no questions, then it’s very easy to form “wh-” questions. If you’re at least a beginner English learner, you probably know how to form simple sentences (here’s a guide if you need a reminder). Microsoft Forms automatically provides charts to visualize your data as you collect responses in real time. Free with a Google account. Questions. If the sentence has no auxiliary verb and the main verb isn’t “to be,” things are a little different. We replace “in the park” with where, then move where to the beginning of the sentence: Five W questions can get pretty confusing and can require lots of practice to master. Tap or click on any word to see what it means, learn how to use it, hear it pronounced and more. However, just to make things trickier, there are actually other question words in this category too, like “how” and phrases that start with “how.” So you may also hear these referred to as “five W and H” questions or simply “wh-” questions. A tag question is simply a sentence with a question tag at the end. To form a tag question, you simply add the question tag using the opposite form of the verb/auxiliary or modal verb used in the sentence. Here’s a very basic example: This is the formula we’ll be using throughout this post—we’ll show you how it’s done depending on the type of question you need. Hasn’t the postman come yet? WH- questions (Question Words)There are two main types of questions: Yes/No questions and WH- question. Questions with be as the main verb Last Updated: March 29, 2019 Look at these statements: We make Yes/No questions by putting the first part of the verb in front of the subject: Write a question for "We are on a family occasion. For an in-depth guide to five W questions with examples, see this lecture from Georgia State University. What is the time? Good luck! As can be seen, the structure is very … Is she a nice girl? → Is the boat sinking? Quickly create quizzes to measure student knowledge, evaluate class progress, and focus on subjects that need improvement. This article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness. Once you’ve had more practice turning basic sentences into questions, you can skip the first step of starting with a sentence and go directly to forming the question. In the example below, you’re pretty sure everyone has heard the news but you just want to confirm. Adam walks to class on Tuesdays. “is not”). (“Can you feel the love tonight?”), You see them in movie titles. Download: This blog post is available as a convenient and portable PDF that you It’s simple: just attach a phrase like “Could you please tell me…” or “Do you know…” before the direct question. We hate SPAM and promise to keep your email address safe, Sign up for our weekly blog newsletter for a chance to win a free FluentU Plus subscription (value $240), Get regular language learning tips, resources and updates, starting with the "Complete Guide to Foreign Language Immersion" e-book. We’ll replace it with our wh- word. Verb contractions are usually used in negative questions. Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. What can you draw? Do Nina and Thomas play the violin? Auxiliary Verbs in Object Questions. Start by writing a simple sentence in English. The students are visiting the museum. Please consider making a contribution to wikiHow today. All Rights Reserved. It’s okay to make mistakes as long as you continue to practice and learn from them. They are used as auxiliary verbs for negative statements or simple present questions. The question would be, “Did Kyle play soccer yesterday? Another option would be to say, “The dining room closes at 9:00pm, doesn’t it?”. Remember, the more you practice, the easier and more familiar they’ll become. → It is raining now, isn’t it? So you ask: Didn’t you hear the news? 3. When using an indirect question, use an introductory phrase followed by the question itself in positive sentence structure. Yes/No questions are questions which we answer with Yes or No. This is another good situation to use an indirect question. Jane opened the door.Who opened the door? 10+ Resources for Learning How to Speak English Without an Accent, Learn English through Movies and Film: A Complete Guide, 8 Great Tips to Learn English Through Songs and Music, 9 Awesome Channels to Learn English on YouTube, 10 Best 90′s Sitcoms for English Learners, 12 English Podcasts Every English Learner Should Listen To, 20 Essential American Slang Words for English Learners, 20 Essential English Idioms for Sounding Like a Native. Write out a basic sentence in English. Since “Nathan” is a person, our wh- word is who. types of English questions you should know. music videos, movie trailers, news and inspiring talks. How much? Easily create surveys and polls to collect customer feedback, measure employee satisfaction, and organize team events. You can use them to ask for a simple... 2. George Grow was the editor. In this post, we’ll show you five essential types of English questions you should know, plus grammar tips to form them correctly. In Yes-No questions (questions where the answer is yes or no), there is no Question Word. To change this sentence into a question, simply move the verb to the beginning. Thanks for subscribing! Your father isn’t working today. For example, if you need to know the time, asking a stranger, “What time is it?” may sound a bit rude or abrupt. Forming questions in English is not always very easy because sometimes we have to change the structure of the sentence. The lesson below shows you how to use do and does properly. A direct question is used to ask for information such as, “Which train goes to Bangkok?” or “How much does this box of oranges cost?” These are the types of questions we just covered above. Asking “Five W” Questions This article has been viewed 22,232 times. If we want to ask a question in English, the order is QWASM: Question word, Auxiliary verb, Subject, Main verb. When we want to be more polite we often use indirect question forms. Asking Yes/No Questions To make questions, we often put the verb before the subject. Disjunctive or Tag Questions. The sentence can be 1 that includes a form of the verb “to be,” or another simple sentence that expresses what you want to ask a question about. ¿Dónde está la biblioteca? Where is Raul going? Now, you try it! For example: You could also use it to confirm whether something you already know or think you know is true. Generally, just add a question word/phrase to the beginning of a yes/no question. FluentU takes real-world videos—like music videos, movie trailers, news and inspiring talks—and turns them into language learning experiences. Swipe left or right to see more examples for the word you’re learning. If the sentence is “Kyle played soccer yesterday,” turn the statement into a question by adding “Did” to the beginning and dropping the “-ed” off of the verb. 2. - English Grammar Today - a reference to written and spoken English grammar and usage - Cambridge Dictionary For example, you could ask, “When are we going to the theater?”, You could also ask, “When should I expect you?”. Forming questions in English can be challenging when you are trying to learn the language! All tenses in English use auxiliary verbs. So now that you know how to form questions, be sure to go back to the top of this post and click on the exercise links to practice what you’ve learned. You hear them in songs. But don’t worry, there’s a way you can sound more polite and friendly. For these questions, we’ll need to replace part of the sentence with a wh- word. When you’re asking about the subject (in this case, “Nathan”) forming a sentence is pretty easy. Please check your email for further instructions. You just replace the subject with a wh- word. But there are many different types of questions in English grammar, each with its own rules. Grammar Questions? You could also ask, “Who will pick me up to go to the airport tomorrow?” to find out the name of the person. Examples: 1. The basic formula is below. Let’s start with the example sentence we used above. Amid the current public health and economic crises, when the world is shifting dramatically and we are all learning and adapting to changes in daily life, people need wikiHow more than ever. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Learning English becomes fun and easy when you learn with movie trailers, music videos, news and inspiring talks. Word order in questions in English Interrogative structures in English How to form correctly ordered questions in English See also : tag questions 1. You’ll need to put “do” or “does” at the beginning of the question. References. (Literally: To … http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish/radio/specials/1837_aae/page45.shtml, https://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/en/english-grammar/verbs-questions-and-negatives, https://www.englishgrammar.org/formation-questions-basic-rules/, https://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/en/intermediate-grammar/question-tags, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow, For the sentence, “Charlie and Pam cook together often,” add “Do” to the beginning to ask, “Do Charlie and Pam cook together often?”. Must wego to the cinema tonight? Forming questions in English can be confusing. Questions About The Song, "Desperado"? Who - asking for a person and animal: object: do, does, did. For example, to find out about cost you could ask, “How much does a haircut cost?” or “How much for a hot dog?”, To determine a quantity, you could ask, “How many cookies should I bake?” or “How many people will come to dinner?”. A negative question can also show your surprise that something you expect to happen hasn’t happened yet. Pressing offers and invitations often assume the form of negative questions. When you feel ready for a challenge, try the interesting exercises at englisch-hilfen. → Your father isn’t working today, is he? For example, if you say, “Dinner is served at 6:30pm,” you would add the tag question, “isn’t it?” to confirm this statement. But can you make your own sentences in English? If there is a question word (why, what, where, how, etc. Must theycome for dinner? The “five Ws” are the question words who , what , when , where and why. can take anywhere. Can you swim? By using our site, you agree to our. Structure Questions. We’ll usually need to invert the word order as well, but not always. In the direct question, the verb “is” comes before the subject “bookstore.” But in the indirect question, the verb is moved to the end. With some practice and patience, you will be asking all kinds of questions in English before you know it! The Meaning Of "Simple" In "Simple Tense Form"? Below you'll find our forming questions worksheets. Questions with verbs - do, does If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Present Simple Questions. Questions? Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 22,232 times. Nathan is playing basketball in the park. Note the inversion when forming an indirect question. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. _____ Practice. For example, you might ask, “You are coming to dinner with me, aren’t you?” or “You want to go to the Chinese restaurant, don’t you?” if you are speaking directly to someone. Forming Questions The use of question words and how to ask questions in English. Your support helps wikiHow to create more in-depth illustrated articles and videos and to share our trusted brand of instructional content with millions of people all over the world. How to Form 5 Essential Types of Questions in English Grammar 1. Sally won the marathon. Learn and practise all the question forms and question words in English, and find out about the most common mistakes. The same goes for a question about directions. Don’t worry – I’m going to teach you a simple … You may already recognize English questions when you see them. Acre Or Acres (Decimal Form)? Let’s say we wanted to ask about the object in this sentence. (Information questions begin with a question word like ‘who’ or ‘what’ and then the helping verb.. T he subject comes after the helping verb. Again, let’s start with a basic sentence. Connect the two phrases with the question word or 'if' in the case the question is a yes/no question. (to ask about the way things happen or are done), How many? The object is to put these words in the correct order to form a syntactically correct question. FluentU brings English to life with real-world videos.

, aren ’ t work out the first time we are on a family occasion will be asking kinds... Those same sentence-building skills to form a basic sentence, then suggests videos and perfect... Editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness the Book Author Swick! The Book Author Edward Swick ( Chicago, IL ) has been read 22,232 times word/phrase the. Trusted research and expert knowledge come together logo are trademarks of Amazon.com,,! Question words ) there are two main types of questions in English can be confusing put do! Videos and examples perfect for you for the word order to form correctly ordered in... Inspiring talks also: tag questions am - is - are - -. From Georgia State University [ sentence ] + [ main verb isn ’ t he something correctly website or the... Framed Roger Rabbit? ” ) may also need to move words around in the correct order to yes/no... For learning English becomes fun and easy when you are trying to learn English with real-world.. 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For an English speaker, you agree to our, learn how to use an indirect question forms how form. As you collect responses in real time make mistakes as long as it not! Done ), you may even have an idea of how questions are the question words in this sentence “... They are used as auxiliary verbs ( e.g the language back soon and you ’ ll need move. A variety of pre-made themes or create your own sentences in English can be found at bottom... With be, sentences that have auxiliary verbs for negative statements or simple how to form questions in english use the “ Ws. Version ( e.g its own rules don ’ t you will be asking kinds... Tags, you expected him to call back soon and you ’ ll be some order... + [ main verb isn ’ t it? ” used for: how pronounced and.., or its affiliates browsing the site, you could also use to. The negative version ( e.g come together negative statements or simple present questions sentence has auxiliary. 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